Protecting Children and Youth from Sudden Cardiac Arrest
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Hands Only CPR - "AHA 2014 Hands-Only CPR Fact Sheet"
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Guidelines issued in mid-October 2010 switched up the steps for CPR, telling rescuers to start with hard, fast chest presses before giving mouth-to-mouth. Guidelines issued in 2015 re-emphasize the compression rate and compression depth.
The change puts "the simplest step first" for traditional CPR, said Dr. Michael Sayre, co-author of the guidelines issued by the American Heart Association.
A training aide used under previous guidelines was "ABC," or "airway, breathing, chest compression": check the airway for lodged objects, perform mouth-to-mouth, then start on chest compressions. The new 2010 guidelines are "CAB," or "chest compressions, airway, breathing." The AHA notes that the mouth-to-mouth can be skipped by those leery of "breathing for a stranger" or without formal training.
To view a video of the new CPR, click on the title above.